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“ગુજરાત વિશે” | About Gujarat

Gujarat gets its name from "Gujjar Rashtra", the land of the Gujjars, a migrant tribe who came to India in the wake of the invading Huns in the 5th century. The history of Gujarat dates back to 2000 BC. It is also believed that Lord Krishna left Mathura to settle on the west coast of Saurashtra at Dwarka.


The state saw various kingdoms like Mauryas, Guptas, Pratiharas etc, but it was under the regime of Chalukyas (Solanki) Gujarat witnesses’ progress and prosperity. Inspite of the plundering of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Chalukyan kings were able to maintain general prosperity and well being of the state. After this glorious respite, Gujarat faced troubled times under the Muslims, Marathas and the British rules.


The Present state of Gujarat was formed in 1st May 1960, as a result of Bombay Reorganization act, 1960. The state is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and north-east respectively, Madhya Pradesh in the south east and Maharashtra in south.

Gujarat | ગુજરાત

Location of Gujarat in India

Country           India

District(s)        26

Established      1 May 1960

Capital            Gandhinagar

Largest city     Ahmedabad

Population:      5,05,96,992

Governor         Naval Kishore Sharma

Chief Minister   Narendra Modi

Language (s)   Gujarati, Hindi

Time zone       IST (UTC+5:30)

Area              196,077 km²

ISO 3166-2     IN-GJ

Website         www.gujaratindia.com   

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Gujarat with its immense tourism has unending list of tourist destinations, right from Ahmedabad - the Manchester of India, Gandhiji's sabarmati Ashram, spectacular peninsula of Saurashtra, the historic Jain temple of Palitana, Sasangiri the last natural habitat of majestic Asiatic lions, the coastal towns of Porbandat and Dwarka the semi-inland of Kutch etc, the list is unending.


The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and dry in the northern region. Due to the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay Gujarat's climate is pleasant and healthy. The seasons can be divided into: the winter season from November to February, the hot season from March to May, the south-west monsoon season from June to September and the intervening month of October.


The people of Gujarat also known as Gujarat trace their lineage from the people originally known as Gurjars. They are believed to have come to India with the Huns and while passing through Punjab, settled in Gujarat. The Jadeja Rajputs, the Lohanas and even the Muslims many of whom are 'Maldharis', the cattle-breeders, and have all come from Sindh consequent upon their defeat at the hands of some kings or as a result of some religious persecution. The Kutch is are those who were the natives of the peninsula of Kutch. They have their own dialects. The Kutchis are both Hindus and Muslims and a large number of them have migrated from Sindh.


Gujarat stands the first in the production of cotton, groundnut, salt and milk in India. It stands second in the production of tobacco and third in pharmaceuticals. Gujarat also boasts the country's largest petro-chemical complex in the country.


Gujarat is steeped in tradition, where festivals abound. On 14 January, every year Ahmedabad hosts an international kite festival on Makar Sankranti. A three-day extravaganza takes place towards the end of August every year at Tarnetar, 176 km from Ahmedabad. According to myth, the brave Arjuna won the hand of the fair Draupadi here.



RTI website in Gujarati launched by city activist - Vadodara
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